Poem Sampler

Poems of Muslim Faith and Islamic Culture

A collection of poems, prose, and audio and video recordings that explore Islamic culture.

by Becca Klaver
Poems of Muslim Faith and Islamic Culture
Illustration by Jason Novak

These poems and features examine Muslim faith and Islamic culture and address important events, holidays, and occasions such as Ramadan. These poets explore a range of spiritual, literary, and political concerns from the 6th century to the present day. Some poets’ voices emerge from the East (Mahmoud Darwish and Saadi Youssef), others from the West (June Jordan and Thomas Merton). Most turn to poetry as the ideal forum to complicate simplistic East-West divisions—learning, questioning, sparking cultural conversation, and speaking from what Nomi Stone calls “[t]his quiet voice that is borrowed or my own.”


Prayer Rug” by Agha Shahid Ali: Ali, both a Kashmiri Muslim and U.S. National Book Award finalist, depicts ordinary activities in the intervals between salāh, the five-times-daily ritual prayer central to both Sunni and Shi’a Islam.

In Jerusalem” by Mahmoud Darwish: Palestinian exile Darwish’s speaker willingly loses his sense of individuality, time, and even gravity within the ancient walls of Jerusalem as he experiences the power of the city, one of the holiest for Muslims, Jews, and Christians.
Ex-Embassy” by Carol Muske-Dukes: Sparked by the imagined sound of the muezzin, the person who calls the community to salāh at dawn, Muske-Dukes’ traveler tries to make sense of cultural and religious phantasms, the people and rituals banished by the effects of war.

Mu’allaqa” by Imru’ al-Qays: Translator Seidel describes his take on this 6th-century poem as a “cross-species salute”: less straight translation than a borrowing of Imru’ al-Qays’ “monorhymes” and “magnificence,” “Mu’allaqa” demonstrates the formal influence of canonical Arabic literature on an American author.

Apologies to All the People in Lebanon” by June Jordan: Jordan, who called her engagement with Middle Eastern unrest “the moral litmus test of [her] life,” both voices and critiques a typical Westerner’s frustration with media reports from the Islamic world as she strives to create an alternative discourse through poetry.

East with Ibn Battuta” by Thomas James Merton: Catholic monk Merton embarks on a poetic and spiritual voyage with 14th-century Muslim scholar Ibn Battuta’s Rihla, an account of 30 years of travel throughout the Islamic world.

Different Ways to Pray” by Naomi Shihab Nye: Nye, who grew up in San Antonio and Jerusalem, sketches vignettes of the praying methods of Muslim shepherds, embroiderers, and pilgrims in the title poem from her first book.

Many Scientists Convert to Islam” by Nomi Stone: In a meditation on faith and communication, Stone gives an account of a non-Muslim’s attempt to observe Ramadan while living within a traditional Jewish community in Tunisia.

fromAmerica, America” by Saadi Youssef: Iraq-born poet Youssef’s speaker’s strident address to America highlights the ways in which religion and conflict become bound up in one another in concepts such as “God’s soldiers.”



Mimesis” by Fady Joudah 

Ramadan” by Khaled Mattawa

The Beginning of Speech” by Adonis

Ramadan” by Kazim Ali

The Emerald Mosque on the Hill” by Raza Ali Hasan

Who Am I, Without Exile?” by Mahmoud Darwish

Thinking American” by Hayan Charara 

Tell Life” by Fady Joudah

Meeting at an Airport” by Taha Muhammah Ali

My Grandmother Washes Her Feet in the Sink of the Bathroom at Sears” by Mohja Kahf

Date Palm Trinity” by Khaled Mattawa



Five Muslim American Poets, Part I and Part II: Literary discussion featuring readings by poets Raza Ali Hasan, Ibtisam Barakat, Fady Joudah, Kazim Ali, and Khaled Mattawa.

Ghassan Zaqtan: International Poets in ConversationFady Joudah and Ghassan Zaqtan discuss Palestinian poetry with Ilya Kaminsky.

Let Your Mirrored Convexities Multiply: Kazim Ali discusses Agha Shahid Ali’s ghazal “Tonight.”



Benghazi-Born Poet Mattawa Reflects on Growing Up under Gadhafi: Libyan-born poet Khaled Mattawa talks about life under Moammar Gadhafi and the recent crisis in his homeland.

Ancient Afghan Poetry Adapts to Modern LifeFor centuries, Pashtun women have traded stories, feelings and life wisdom in the form of two-line oral poems called landays. Eliza Griswold, a journalist and poet, traveled to Afghanistan to learn more about daily life there through the modern exchange of poetry.

A look at the conflict in Syria through the eyes of a young poet: Young Syrian-American activist Amal Kassir has lived in Syria, but grew up and now lives in the United States, where she performs slam poetry to bring attention to the suffering in the Middle East.

Bringing Persian Poetry to Western Readers: The works of 14th century Persian poet Hafez are iconic in Iran. Poet and scholar Dick Davis has spent years bringing the medieval writer's words to the West. 

Poet Behbahani Writes for Peace Amid Iran's Political TurmoilFarzaneh Milani teaches at the University of Virginia, specializing in women writers in Iran. She also translates the work of Simin Behbahani, Iran's foremost living poet who was recently banned from traveling outside the country.



A Rumi of One’s Own” by Rachel Aviv: What’s lost in translation doesn’t hurt this poet’s popularity.

Writing War, Writing Memory” by Jane Creighton: Remembering June Jordan.

Letter from Beirut” by Ange Mlinko: Is there such a thing as a “global poet”?

Field of Power” by Alex Dueben: Fady Joudah is known as much for his own verse as for his translations of Palestinian poets.


Four Legs and One Smacking Mouth: Six Contemporary Arab Poets” by Linh Dinh and Tahseen al-Khateeb

An Evening with Forugh: Iranian Poetry Night” by Annie Finch

Questions for Fady Joudah” by Daisy Fried

Suheir Hammad, ‘breaking poems’ (Cypher Books, 2008)” by Barbara Jane Reyes

“The Lioness of Iran: An Interview with Simin Behbahāni” by Harriet Staff

Iraqi Poetry Today” and other entries by Brian Turner

Originally Published: August 12, 2010


On June 27, 2011 at 2:33am shahid Husain wrote:
It is clear from this piece of work that Agha Shahid is a
literary giant and a prolific poet from Indian continent.He never forgot that is a Muslim, being a Muslim
he has some responsibility to impart to world that is live
happily and let the other live happily.

On July 25, 2012 at 9:07pm Johanna van Zanten wrote:
Hi, Thanks for this piece, so needed in bringing understanding
between and about religions.

On July 27, 2012 at 12:01pm Kathy Willis wrote:
I lived in Egypt and India for some time. It is nice to
have this beginning with the Muslim people and poets,
some of them writing in English. May I suggest looking
up and including in such discussion the work of perhaps
the first major Muslim poet in the U.S., Alamgir Hashmi?
His latest book is titled THE RAMAZAN LIBATION (Arc). A
poem that I truly enjoyed reading recently was his
(2010?). Eid is the festive day at the end of the
Ramadan. I am reminded of this poem every time somebody
mentions the Ramadan.


Poetryfoundation.org welcomes comments that foster dialogue and cultivate an open community on the site. Comments on articles must be approved by the site moderators before they appear on the site. By submitting a comment, you give the Poetry Foundation the right to publish it. Please note: We require comments to include a name and e-mail address. Read more about our privacy policy.


Becca Klaver is the author of the poetry collection LA Liminal (Kore Press, 2010) and the chapbook Inside a Red Corvette: A 90s Mix Tape (greying ghost press, 2009). A founding editor of the feminist poetry press Switchback Books, she holds an MFA in Poetry from Columbia College Chicago and is currently a PhD student in Literatures in English at Rutgers University. Born and raised in Milwaukee, WI, she now lives in Brooklyn, NY.

Continue reading this biography

Originally appeared in Poetry magazine.

This poem has learning resources.

This poem is good for children.

This poem has related video.

This poem has related audio.