A term coined in 1998 by poet and critic Stephen Burt in a review of Susan Wheeler’s Smokes.
In the piece, which first appeared in the Boston Review,
Burt describes elliptical poets as those who “try to manifest a person—who speaks the poem and reflects the poet—while using all the verbal gizmos developed over the last few decades to undermine the coherence of speaking selves.” Burt’s description of elliptical poetry emphasized its quick shifts in diction and referent, and use of occluded or partially obscured back-story. A special issue of American Letters and Commentary
was devoted to elliptical poetry, sparking debates over contemporary trends and schools in American poetry. Burt pointed to several poets whose work commonly exhibits these features, including Mark Levine
, Lucie Brock-Broido
, and Liam Rector