Poetry News

Audre Lorde's Berlin Years, 1984 to 1992, Captured in Film

By Harriet Staff

November 17, 2012, will mark 20 years since the death of award-winning African-American lesbian feminist poet Audre Lorde. And Smith College's independent press, The Sophian, has a great writeup on a new film about Audre Lorde's little-known time as a visiting professor in Berlin. From the release notes: "During this time, Lorde ignited the Afro-German movement, empowering black women to write and to publish and challenging white women to recognise the significance of their privilege. Using present-day interviews and previously unreleased archive material, the film documents the last eight years of Lorde’s life in what is a moving testament to an amazing, influential woman." Director Dagmar Schultz presented Audre Lorde; The Berlin Years (1984-1992) at UMASS Amherst earlier this month. Apparently, upon meeting Lorde in Denmark years ago, Schultz persuaded her to "accept a post at the German Free University, where she taught for a semester, giving writing workshops and helping to launch the Initiative of Black Germans (IBG)." More:

The IBG began around 1989, when, following the destruction of the Berlin Wall, there was an upsurge in both nativist sentiment and racist violence. Lorde, then famous for her work in America confronting racism in the feminist movement, began her work in Germany with the question, “What can we learn from our connected differences that can benefit us both, Afro-German and African American?” She also sought to keep her approach to anti-racist activism broad. Her approach supported her conviction that “Your power is not my power … you can speak to people whom I cannot reach.” Lorde sought to address the perception of many black Germans that there was no Afro-German community by reaching out to older Afro-Germans and encouraging them to tell their stories.

Lorde’s use of her poetry as “part of my arsenal” in addressing social justice issues inspired not only Schultz, who founded Orlanda Verlag Press, which remains the most well-known publisher of Afro-German women writers, but also May Ayim, a young Afro-German activist whose work and public presence were becoming eminent by the time of her suicide in 1996. Born in Hamburg, Ayim, who was of Ghanian and German descent, grew up in a white foster family. She described the disorienting aspect of her experience in the following anecdote: “I was afraid of black Santa because he was like me.” Reflecting upon her identity from such a young age led her to the realization that, “These people are adults, but they had no idea. They asked, ‘Are you a war baby?’” Lorde, in a later lecture, illuminated Ayim’s meaning, describing how the most positive racial epithet in Germany at the time of the movement was “war baby,” which referred to the label applied to immigrants of color who relocated to Germany during the post-World War II Allied occupation.

Clips of Ayim reciting her poem “A poem against the pretense of German Unity” show the humor that she used from an early age in order to deal with her racist environment. Holding imaginary suspenders, she presented the paradoxes of daily forms of bigotry, ironically assuming the position of the aggressor. Despite very public recitations, including one at Musikfest in Johannesberg, Ayim did not identify herself as a poet, seeing herself instead as a member of the rap tradition. “Poetry is thick, abstract, elite,” Ayim said in an interview with a German news station. “I want to get a message across and I want it to be understood.”

Ayim praised Lorde for standing by her words. “People often hide behind their words [when they] should show who you are and what you are and why you stand for that,” said Ayim, who also stood by Lorde’s credo that what poetry requires is “genuine movements toward action.”

Watch the trailer for the film below! Looks like the next stop is the London Film Festival. We can't wait to see it.


Originally Published: November 1st, 2012