Jacques Réda

b. 1929
Jacques RédaEmmanuel Fradin
Jacques Réda is an eminent literary figure in Europe and especially in his home country of France. The author of both poetry and prose, he focuses much of his writing on the banality of life. He also has written extensively in both forms about jazz. Réda is widely known for his observations of the life around him as he travels throughout urban and suburban environments, especially those of Paris. One of his most highly praised volumes of poetry is La tourne, in which the long prose poem focuses on "the poet in search of the town as mandala," as noted by Graham Martin in the Times Literary Supplement. Martin also noted that the author "is a poet who makes the uncanny almost approachable." E. Sellin, writing in World Literature Today, commented that the author's "poems remain 'modern' even as they move inexorably through set postures."

In his book Hors les murs: poèmes, Réda focuses on the environs of Paris and its people. Writing in World Literature Today, Michael Bishop noted that the "poems, however, are by no means just catenations of observations, events, the strictly definable," adding that the poems have "an airiness, a quick metaphoricalness attuned to the restless metamorphic nature of city life." Retour au calme: poèmes is a collection of poems that, according to World Literature Today contributor Maryann De Julio, reflect the author's love of Jazz through the poems' "emphasis on rhythm and voice." De Julio also was interested in how the author "thematizes the temporality of language to express the metaphysical aspects of writing."

In many of the poems in the collection Lettre sur l'univers: et autres discours en vers français, the author casts a contrasting eye on modern life versus what he views as a more natural lifestyle of earlier times. De Julio, once again writing in World Literature Today, noted that the volume "confirms what we have come to expect from Jacques Réda, a poet whose predilection for jazz finds rhythm in a disparate collection of voices." De Julio also commented on the author's "rapt attention to detail." French Review contributor Sara Lawall noted that the volume "combines metaphysical ambitions with a degree of self-deprecating irony." Lawall went on to note that the volume—along with another collection titled Un calendrier élégiaque —contains "a colorful, intelligent, peripatetic, and somewhat didactic poetic voice." In 2005, the first English edition of the author's early poems was published in a volume titled Treading Lightly: Selected Poems, 1961-1975. Referring to the volume as "outstanding," Guardian contributor Sara Crown also called the poems "lucent and exquisite."

Much of the author's prose also focuses on Paris and its environs. In Le citadin: chronique for example, the author provides vignettes related to his travels throughout Paris and its suburbs. Organized into four cycles that coincide with the four seasons, the writings are "particularly attentive to silence, words, and music," as noted by De Julio in World Literature Today. De Julio went on to comment that the book "probes the limits of the city, its language, and its uncanniness."

Les ruines de Paris, published in English as The Ruins of Paris, contains both prose vignettes and some verse and looks at many of the less glamorous districts of Paris. Writing in World Literature Today, E. Selling called the book "a fresh, closeup look ... in the tradition of love-hate relationships." In his sequel to The Ruins of Paris titled La liberté des rues, Réda further explores Paris's side streets and shops and, as noted by John Taylor of the Times Literary Supplement, "reveals himself to be a sensitive observer of people as well." Commenting on the two volumes together, Taylor wrote that they allow the author "not only [to] conjure up a thoroughly genuine Paris, but also enable him to confront the bleak nihilism of our times."

In Aller aux mirabelles, Réda pays homage to the area of France where he was born as he reflects on a weekend visit with his family in a small village. Jonathan F. Krell, writing in the French Review, commented that the author "leads the reader on a poignant ... trip." Krell went on to write that the author "imparts a magical grandeur to the Lorrain countryside." Times Literary Supplement contributor Taylor praised the author's "vivid cameos of old acquaintances encountered in the street." Taylor added: "Moving leitmotivs give structure and continuity to this charming book." In another book focusing on his origins titled L'herbe des talus, Réda recalls the time of his life from his boyhood to his mid twenties. Ian Bell, writing in the Times Literary Supplement, noted that the author's "allusive and sometimes hermetic style transfigures even the most earthy of the characters he recalls."

Réda has also written fiction, including Accidents de la circulation: récits, which is a fictional travelogue of Reda's sojourns throughout Paris and its outlying suburbs. Writing in World Literature Today, Allen Thiher noted that the book contains "narratives only in the sense that they narrate a walk ... or a trip during which what happens is essentially what Reda sees or smells or captures, as if he were on a hunt for the essence of ephemeral things." In the novel Aller au diable: roman, the young narrator begins his story during World War II and recounts his coming of age and the many people who influence him, including a series of women with whom he has primarily platonic relationships. World Literature Today contributor Warren Motte noted that the novel "confirms [Réda's] reputation as one of the most interesting French stylists writing today." Another novel, titled Aller à Elisabethville, takes place during the German occupation of France. John Taylor, writing in the Review of Contemporary Fiction, noted: "Written in vivid, intense prose ... Aller à Elisabethville: récit offers a sincere, genuine, persuasive and original recounting of the civilian experience of war."

Bibliography


WRITINGS:

  • Les incovénients du métier (poetry), P. Seghers (Paris, France), 1952.
  • All Stars (poetry), Épuisé (France), 1953.
  • All stars, poémes (poetry), R. Debresse (Paris, France), 1954.
  • Cendres chaudes (poetry), Libraire Les Lettres (Paris, France), 1955.
  • Amen (poetry), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1968.
  • Récitafi (poetry), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1970.
  • La tourne (poetry), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1975.
  • Les ruines de Paris, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1977, reprinted, 1993, translation by Mark Treharne published as The Ruins of Paris, Reaktion Books (London, England), 1996.
  • L'improviste: une lecture du jazz, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1980-85.
  • Anthologie des musicians de jazz, Stock (Paris, France), 1980.
  • (With Marc Soriano) Le chemin de fer de petite ceinture de Paris: 1851-1981, photography by Pierre Pitrou and Bernard Tardien, P. Fanlac, (Perigueux, France) 1981.
  • Hors les murs: poèmes, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1982, reprinted, 2001.
  • PLM et autres textes (essays), Temps Qu'il Fait (Paris, France), 1982.
  • (Translator) Dorothy Brown Aspinwall, Récitatif/The Party Is Over by Dorothy Brown Aspinwall, International Book Publishers (Troy, MI), 1983.
  • (With Marc Riboud and Annie Lorenzo) Gares et trains, A.C.E. (Paris, France), 1983.
  • L'herbe des talus (memoir), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1984.
  • (With Charles Alber Cingria) Le bitumen es exquis (criticism), frontspiece by Gé Aubsbourg, Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1984.
  • (With Pierre Pitrou and Bernard Tardien) Montparnasse, Vaugirard, Grenelle: le XVe magique, P. Fanlac (Perigueux, France), 1984.
  • Beauté suburbaine, P. Fanlac (Perigueux, France), 1985.
  • Jour le jeu: essai (essays), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1985.
  • Premier livre des reconnaissances (poetry), Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1985.
  • Celle qui vient à pas légers, Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1985.
  • Châteaux des courants d'air, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1986.
  • Un voyage aux sources de la Seine (travel), Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1987.
  • Album Maupassant, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1987.
  • Ferveur de Borges, Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1987.
  • Recommandations aux pormeneurs, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1988.
  • Amen; Récitatif; La Tourne (poetry), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1988.
  • Un paradis d'oiseaux (poetry), Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1988.
  • Retour au calme: poèmes, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1989.
  • Le sens de la marche, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1990.
  • Sonnets dublinois: suivis de cinq impressions d'Athènes (travel), Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1990.
  • Affranchissons-nous (essays), Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1990.
  • Lettre sur l'univers: et autres discours en vers français (poetry), Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1991.
  • Un calendrier élégiaque (poetry), Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1991.
  • Aller aux mirabelles (nonfiction), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1991.
  • Aller à Elisabethville: récit (novel), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1993.
  • L'incorrigible: poésies itinérantes et familières, 1988-1992 (poetry), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1995.
  • La sauvette (criticism), Verdier (Lagrasse, France), 1995.
  • Abelnoptuz, T. Balmoral (Orleans, France), 1995.
  • La liberté des rues, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1997.
  • Jacques Bibonne (art criticism), Galerie Jean Peyrole (Cognac, France), 1997.
  • Le méridien de Paris, Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 1997.
  • Le citadin: chronique, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1998.
  • (With Nicolas Rouxel-Chaurey) Enquête d'essence, Subervie (Rodez, France), 1998.
  • La course: nouvelles poésies itinérantes et familières, 1993-1998 (poetry), Gallimard (Paris, France), 1999.
  • Moyens de transport (poetry), Editions Fata Morgana (France), 2000.
  • Le lit de la reine: et autres étapes (short stories), Verdier (Lagrasse, France), 2001.
  • Accidents de la circulation: récits, Gallimard (Paris, France), 2001.
  • Les fins fonds (fiction), Verdier (Lagrasse, France), 2002.
  • Aller au diable: roman (novel), Gallimard (Paris, France), 2002.
  • Autobiographie du jazz: accompagnée de plus de cent cinquante solistes, Climats (Castelnau-le-Lez (France), 2002.
  • Nouvelles aventures de Pelby: roman (novel), Gallimard (Paris, France), 2003.
  • (With Charles Albert Cingria) Géographie vraie, Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 2003.
  • L'adoption du systéme métrique poèmes, 1999-2003, Gallimard (Paris, France), 2004.
  • L'affaire du Ramses III: roman (novel), Verdier (Lagrasse, France), 2004.
  • Europes, Fata Morgana (Saint-Clement, France), 2005.
  • Cléona: et autres contes de voyageurs solitaires, Climats (Castelnau-le-Lez, France), 2005.
  • Treading Lightly: Selected Poems, 1961-1975, Anvil Press (London, England), 2005.
  • Ponts flottants, Gallimard (Paris, France), 2006.
Contributor to Gallimard de la Suisse, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1999; works have been published in English and Japanese; author of prefaces to several books; contributor to periodicals, including Jazz Magazine and Le Monde.
TI

Further Reading


FURTHER READINGS ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

BOOKS

  • Réda, Jacques, L'herbe des talus, Gallimard (Paris, France), 1984.

PERIODICALS

  • French Review, December, 1993, Sara Lawall, reviews of Un calendrier élégiaque and Lettre sur l'univers: et autres discours en vers français, pp. 390-391; April, 1994, Jonathan F. Krell, review of Aller aux mirabelles, pp. 908-909.
  • Guardian (London, England), March 11, 2006, Sarah Crown, review of Treading Lightly: Selected Poems, 1961-1975.
  • Review of Contemporary Literature, spring, 1994, review of Aller à Elisabethville: récit, p. 235.
  • Times Literary Supplement, October, 1975, Graham Martin, review of La tourne, p. 1209; October 5, 1984, Ian Bell, review of L'herbe des talus, p. 1117; February 14, 1992, John Taylor, review of Aller aux mirabelles, p. 13; January 19, 1996, John Taylor, review of L'incorrigible: poésies itinérantes et familières (1988-1992), Abelnoptuz, and La sauvette, p. 30; August 1, 1997, John Taylor, reviews of The Ruins of Paris and La liberté des rues, p. 22.
  • World Literature Today, winter, 1977, E. Sellin, review of La tourne, p. 65; winter, 1979, E. Sellin, review of Les ruines de Paris, p. 77; winter, 1984, Michael Bishop, review of Hors les murs: poèmes, p. 67; winter, 1990, Maryann De Julio, review of Retour au calme: poèmes, p. 69; spring, 1992, Maryann De Julio, review of Lettre sur l'univers, p. 307; winter, 1993, Maryann De Julio, review of Aller aux mirabelles, p. 151; spring, 1996, Maryann De Julio, review of L'incorrigible, p. 357; winter, 1999, Maryann De Julio, review of Le citadin: chronique, pp. 115-116; winter, 2000, review of La course: nouvelles poésies itinérantes et familières, 1993-1998, p. 109; summer-autumn, 2001, Allen Thiher, review of Accidents de la circulation, p. 172; summer-autumn, 2001, Maria Green, review of Le lit de la reine: et autres étapes, p. 177; April-June, 2003, Warren Motte, review of Aller au diable: roman, p. 122; July-September, 2003, Michele Levy, review of Les fins fonds, p. 117.*

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Jacques Réda

Biography

Jacques Réda is an eminent literary figure in Europe and especially in his home country of France. The author of both poetry and prose, he focuses much of his writing on the banality of life. He also has written extensively in both forms about jazz. Réda is widely known for his observations of the life around him as he travels throughout urban and suburban environments, especially those of Paris. One of his most highly . . .

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Originally appeared in Poetry magazine.

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