One of Northern Ireland’s foremost contemporary poets, Michael Longley is renowned for the quiet beauty of his compact, meditative lyrics. Known for using classical allusions to cast provocative light on contemporary concerns—including Northern Ireland’s “Troubles”—Longley’s poetry is also marked by sharp observation of the natural world, deft use of technique, and deeply felt emotion. His debut volume, No Continuing City (1969), heralded the arrival of a new talent from a region which had already produced recognized talents like Seamus Heaney, Derek Mahon and Medbh McGuckian. However Longley’s early influences were English poets like Philip Larkin, Louis MacNeice, and the First World War poets, as well as masters from the classical tradition. The critic Langdon Hammer has described Longley’s poems as masterpieces of “lucidity, economy, sincerity…by means of meticulous, unpretentious technique.” When asked in a 1998 interview about the formal discipline that helps him produce four- and two-line poems, Longley replied, “Was it Tennyson who said that a perfect lyric inscribes the shape of an S? That sense of a gesture, you know, the way you use your hand if you’re bowing, if you’re reaching out to shake somebody’s hand, if you’re going to stroke a cat, if you’re holding a woman’s hand to take her on to the dance floor…”
Longley’s work engages diverse subjects, including Homeric literature, the landscape of Carrigskeewaun, jazz, Walter Mitty, and the politics of Northern Ireland. On the public and political responsibilities of being a Northern Irish poet, he has commented: “Though the poet’s first duty must be to his imagination, he has other obligations—and not just as a citizen. He would be inhuman if he did not respond to tragic events in his own community, and a poor artist if he did not seek to endorse that response imaginatively.” Reviewing his Selected Poems (1993), critic Fran Brearton praised in particular Longley’s more political poems, noting his “use of a compassionate yet unsentimental voice, and an attention to detail which restores specificity at a point in history when it is most in danger of being lost in abstraction—numbers, dates, death-tolls counted beyond comprehension.”
After a 12-year publishing silence, Longley’s 1991 return, Gorse Fires, won the Whitbread Poetry Prize. Subsequently, The Weather in Japan (2000) won the Irish Times Literature Prize for Poetry, the Hawthornden Prize, and the T.S. Eliot Prize. Longley’s recent publications include Snow Water (2004) and Collected Poems (2006). In 2001 Longley was awarded the Queen’s Gold Medal for Poetry. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.
Poet. Worked as assistant master of school in Blackrock, Northern Ireland, 1962-63, high schools in Belfast and Erith, Northern Ireland, 1963-64, and Royal Belfast Academical Institution in Belfast, 1964-69; Arts Council of Northern Ireland, Belfast, assistant director, 1970—.
- Ten Poems, Festival Publications, 1965.
- (With Seamus Heaney and David Hammond) Room to Rhyme, Arts Council of Northern Ireland, 1968.
- Secret Marriages: Nine Short Poems, phoenix Pamphlet Poets Press, 1968.
- (With Barry Tebb and Iain Crichton Smith) Three Regional Voices, Poet & Printer, 1968.
- No Continuing City: Poems, 1963-1968, Dufour, 1969.
- Lares, Poet & Printer, 1972.
- An Exploded View: Poems, 1968-1972, Gollancz, 1973.
- Man Lying on a Wall, Gollancz, 1976, Transatlantic, 1977.
- The Echo Gate, Secker & Warburg, 1979.
- Selected Poems, 1963-1980, Wake Forest University Press (Wake Forest, NC), 1981.
- Patchwork, with drawings by Jim Allen, Gallery Press (Dublin), 1981.
- Poems, 1963-1983, Wake Forest University Press, 1987.
- Gorse Fires, Wake Forest University Press, 1991.
- Tuppenny Stung: Autobiographical Chapters, Lagan Press (Belfast), 1994.
- The Ghost Orchid, Cape Poetry (London), 1995.
- The Ship of the Wind: Eight Poems, Poetry Ireland, 1997.
- Broken Dishes, Abbey Press, 1998.
- Selected Poems, Cape Poetry, 1998.
- Selected Poems, Wake Forest University Press, 1999.
- (Co-author with Sarah Longley) Out of the Cold: Drawings & Poems for Christmas, Abbey Press, 1999.
- The Weather in Japan, Wake Forest University Press, 2000.
- Snow Water, Cape Poetry (London, England), 2004; Wake Forest University Press, 2004.
- Collected Poems, Cape Poetry (London, England), 2006; Wake Forest University Press, 2007.
- (Editor) Causeway: The Arts in Ulster, Arts Council of Northern Ireland, 1971.
- (Editor) Under the Moon, Over the Stars: Young People's Writing From Ulster, Arts Council of Northern Ireland, 1971.
- (Editor, author of introduction) Louise MacNeice, Selected Poems of Louis MacNeice, Wake Forest University Press, 1990.
- (Editor, author of introduction) W. R. Rodgers, Poems, Gallery Press (Loughcrew, Ireland), 1993.
- Longley, Michael, Tuppenny Stung: Autobiographical Chapters, Lagan Press, 1994.
- New Statesman, December 5, 1969, February 18, 1977, January 11, 1980; Books, January, 1970; Times Literary Supplement, February 12, 1970, March 19, 1976, December 17, 1976, February 8, 1980; Saturday Review, December 26, 1970;Poetry, August, 1971; Observer, August 22, 1976, December 9, 1979, January 27, 1980; Poetry Book Society Bulletin, Number 103, 1979.