Nicholas Christopher

b. 1951
Poet and novelist Nicholas Christopher was born in New York City and educated at Harvard, where he studied poetry with Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Bishop. The son of an engineer for the Manhattan Project, Christopher traveled around Europe after graduation, living in Greece and Paris. The New Yorker published his first poems while he was still in his 20s, and he has contributed to magazines such as the New Republic, Esquire, and the New York Review of Books. Early collections of poetry such as on Tour with Rita (1982) and A Short History of the Island of Butterflies (1986) won acclaim for their surreal evocations of landscape and travel. His verse novel, Desperate Characters (1988), was described by the New York Times as “a lurid, hallucinogenic (and, of course, noirish) 68-page free verse romp by a nameless hero and his ravishing chauffeur-bodyguard through an overripe California landscape.” It announced the signature themes Christopher has become known for: apocalyptically magical realism, interest in post-war American noir, narrative economy, and lush imagery.

Later poetry collections include Five Degrees and Other Poems (1995), The Creation of the Night Sky (1998), Atomic Field: Two Poems (2000), and Crossing the Equator: New and Selected Poems (2007). In all his books, Christopher plays with sequence and chronology, often stringing short poems together to create the sensation of narrative, or interlocking stories. “Five Degrees,” the titular poem in Five Degrees and Other Poems, for example, is actually an interlinked series of thirty-five poems with allegorical elements, all centered in a single night in an imaginary permutation of New York City where the current temperature is five degrees. The poem explores themes of magic, history, and spiritual transcendence, and features a quirky cast of characters and situations. Similarly, The Creation of the Night Sky presents individual poems which can be read multiples ways. Many reviewers noted the book’s rush of fantasy, dream, memory, and simultaneous realities, and Christopher’s attempts to make them all relate. Reviewing Crossing the Equator, the New Yorker noted much of the book “assumes what has become the poet’s signature form: episodic narrative achieved by means of short scenes, as in an art film, with swift cuts and special effects.”

Christopher’s narrative and cinematic “special effects” stems from his dual career as novelist and interest in film noir. In novels like Veronica (1986), A Trip to the Stars (2000), and Bestiary (2007), he again treats magical occurrences, time-bending realities, myth and mysticism with care and insight. Speaking about the connections between poetry and fiction, Christopher told the website Curled up with a Good Book, “I was a poet first, and I was publishing my poems in magazines and journals while still in college. When I began writing fiction in my mid-twenties, I thought at first that I must keep the two disciplines separate. I wanted to write fiction that was borne along by strong narratives and fully rounded characters. I did not want to write a beautifully wrought, but narratively aimless, novel—pejoratively called “a poet’s novel.” But I soon realized that the precision and imagistic facility necessary to produce a vivid poem are among the tools required when one is constructing an extended narrative line and delineating character. My training as a poet, and the fact I write and publish poetry as steadily as I ever did, have helped me to strive always for precision and economy in my novels, no matter how dense or complex the subject matter.”

Christopher has received numerous awards for his work, including fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, the Academy of American Poets, and the Poetry Society of America. He has taught at a number of institutions, including Yale, New York University, and Barnard College, and is a professor at Columbia University. His book of critical prose on the influence of the American city on noir film is titled Somewhere in the Night: Film Noir and the American City (1997). He lives in New York City with his wife, Constance, and continues to travel widely. As he told Contemporary Authors: “I write daily, whether at home or traveling.”
 



Career

Poet and novelist. New York University, New York City, former adjunct professor of English; Columbia University, New York City, lecturer, then associate professor in writing division of school of the arts.

Bibliography

POETRY
  • On Tour with Rita, Knopf (New York City), 1982.
  • A Short History of the Island of Butterflies, Viking (New York City), 1986.
  • Desperate Characters, Viking, 1988.
  • In the Year of the Comet, Viking, 1992.
  • Five Degrees and Other Poems, Penguin (New York City), 1995.
  • The Creation of the Night Sky: Poems, Harcourt (New York City), 1998.
  • Atomic Field: Two Poems, Harcourt, 2000.
  • Crossing the Equator: New and Selected Poems, Harcourt, 2007.
FICTION
  • The Soloist, Viking, 1986.
  • Veronica, Dial Press (New York, NY), 1996.
  • A Trip to the Stars, Dial Press, 2000.
  • Franklin Flyer, Dial Press, 2002.
  • The Bestiary, Dial Press, 2007.
OTHER
  • Somewhere in the Night: Film Noir and the American City (critical prose), Free Press (New York City), 1997.

AS EDITOR

  • Under 35: The New Generation, Anchor Books (New York, NY), 1989.
  • Walk on the Wild Side: Urban American Poetry Since 1975, Scribner (New York, NY), 1994.
 
Work represented in anthologies, including New York: Poems, Avon, 1980, The Morrow Anthology of Younger American Poets, Morrow, 1985, and The Grand Street Reader, Summit, 1986. Contributor to magazines, including Grand Street, Esquire, Nation, New Republic, New Yorker, New York Review, and New York Times Book Review.


 



Further Reading

PERIODICALS
  • Booklist, April 1, 1994, Donna Seaman, review of Walk on the Wild Side, p. 1418; December 15, 1994, Elizabeth Gunderson, review of Five Degrees and Other Poems, p. 731; December 15, 1995, Janet St. John, review of Veronica, p. 686; March 15, 1997, Bill Ott, review of Somewhere in the Night, p. 1218; March 1, 1998, Janet St. John, review of The Creation of the Night Sky,p. 1086.
  • Chicago Tribune,February 9, 1986.
  • Library Journal, March 15, 1997, Neal Baker, review of Somewhere in the Night, p. 65; February 15, 1998, Tim Gavin, review of The Creation of the Night Sky,p. 145.
  • Los Angeles Times,April 3, 1986.
  • Nation, March 26, 1983; June 13, 1994, Matthew Flamm, review of Walk on the Wild Side,p. 839.
  • New York Times, February 11, 1996, David Guy, review of Veronica; March 28, 1997, Michiko Kakutani, "A Nation's Nightmares Hurled onto the Screen"; May 3, 1998, Melanie Rehak, review of The Creation of the Night Sky; May 25, 1997, Patricia Ryan, review of Somewhere in the Night.
  • New York Times Book Review,May, 1 1983; April 20, 1986; June 8, 1986; February 11, 1990.
  • Poetry, December, 1983; December, 1986; August, 1989; November, 1992; December, 1995, Bruce Murphy, review of Five Degrees and Other Poems,p. 160.
  • Publishers Weekly, January 31, 1994, review of Walk on the Wild Side, p. 77; February 27, 1995, review of Five Degrees and Other Poems, p. 98; November 6, 1995, review of Veronica, p. 82; February 17, 1997, review of Somewhere in the Night, p. 204; March 30, 1998, review of The Creation of the Night Sky, p. 78; December 6, 1999, review of A Trip to the Stars,p. 51.
  • Village Voice,September 27, 1988.
  • Virginia Quarterly Review,winter, 1989.
  • Washington Post Book World, February 16, 1992.

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LIFE SPAN 1951–

Biography

Poet and novelist Nicholas Christopher was born in New York City and educated at Harvard, where he studied poetry with Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Bishop. The son of an engineer for the Manhattan Project, Christopher traveled around Europe after graduation, living in Greece and Paris. The New Yorker published his first poems while he was still in his 20s, and he has contributed to magazines such as the New Republic, Esquire, and . . .

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Originally appeared in Poetry magazine.

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