Philip Booth

1925–2007
Philip BoothCamera North RB

With ten books of poetry published between 1957 and 1999, Philip Booth has established himself as a remarkable poet. Booth's poetry, written in spare language and dealing with New England settings, has garnered critical acclaim for its quiet power. "I can think of few poets," writes Dave Smith of the Washington Post Book World, "who give us more clarity, humility, and translucent dimension than [Philip] Booth."

The New England seacoast is an important setting in Booth's poetry, often attaining metaphorical importance. As Poetry's Robert Seigel notes in a review of Available Light, "Booth continues to cling with fierce, controlled energy to those spare certainties that New Englanders permit themselves on the edge of the Atlantic of the soul." "Booth's place," writes R. W. French in the Nation, "is the Maine coast, and he seems not at all sure that a man can find himself there or anywhere else. . . . Booth's landscapes are ominous, forbidding, and his central metaphor is, significantly, that of the tide." Commonweal's Robert Phillips holds that despite Booth's writing on other subjects, his "best poems are still the New England poems."

Several critics call Booth's spare style of writing perfectly suited to his subjects. Samuel French describes his approach "as unadorned as his landscapes. The lines are short; words seem to be spoken grudgingly, in taut, controlled rhythms." A reviewer for Choice finds Booth's style "clean, trimmed of unnecessary words, so that a puritan terseness results that is consonant with the austerity of his thought." Thomas Lask of the New York Times points out that Booth's "rhythms suggest the slow movements of the tides." New York Times Book Review contributor Paul Breslin thinks that "Booth's style, reticent though it is, can be very beautiful."

In a review of Before Sleep, Smith declares that "it may be that one true test of a poet's writing is that when we have left [his] house of words that house has not left us. Before Sleep stays enormously well." Phillips likens Booth to an accountant, "tallying up our human losses and gains in poems as deceptively simple as a ledger sheet. In poem after poem, Booth's universal conclusions are earned by the punctilious particulars which precede them." A critic for Choice judges Booth to be "one of our best poets."

During the 1990's, three of Booth's poetry collections were published: Selves: New Poems (1990), Pairs: New Poems (1994), Lifelines: Selected Poems, 1950-1999 (1999). Selves "evokes a world of nameless presences, of invading darkness," according to Genevieve Stuttaford's Publishers Weekly review, which states: "[Booth] writes tenderly, wryly. . . . [and] evinces compassion." With Pairs, describes Elizabeth Gunderson in a complimentary Booklist review, "Booth elegantly explores each season, attending to how pairs—of people, animals, selves, etc.—interconnect." "[K]nowledge of both the natural and human worlds typifies Booth's thorough and unpretentious relation to the place he inhabits. . . . One can appreciate the knowledge and the wisdom Booth has gleaned from having kept in close touch with his [Maine] roots," positively remarks Richard Tillinghast in a Poetry assessment of Pairs which applauds Booth's "disinclination to tailor the poems to a certain theme, or to stretch in his search for unifying elements." In a Booklist review of Lifelines, Booth's 1999 compilation of both new and previously published poems, Donna Seaman describes: "[Booth's] stanzas rise and fall like waves, and his carefully chosen words generate multiple shades of meaning." A Publishers Weekly writer criticizes the work in Lifelines, commenting that Booth "too often . . . relies on flat, abstracted exhortation, and on oversimplified psychology;" but, analyzes the critic, this quality might lend itself to those readers "who will enjoy his attempts to make his verse embody compassion and self-restraint—not to mention his sensitive pictures of Maine." Haines Sprunt Tate for the Maine Times described the poetry: "A Booth poem feels deliberate, well-crafted." Tate finished the review of Lifelines: "It's a book I'm grateful for." In the Beloit Poetry Journal Marion K. Stocking described the collection as "a careful crafting of a lifetime's work into an elegantly integrated organic whole." Stocking writes that the volume "traces the arc of the lifetime of consciousness."

Career

Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME, instructor in English, 1949-50; Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, assistant to director of admissions, 1950-51, instructor in English, 1954; Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, instructor in English and assistant professor, 1954-61; Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, associate professor, 1961-65, professor of English and poet-in-residence, 1965-86. Staff member, University of New Hampshire Writers' Conference, 1955, and Tufts University Poets' Workshop, 1960, 1961. Military service: U.S. Army Air Force, 1944-45, aviation cadet.

Bibliography

POETRY; PUBLISHED BY VIKING (NEW YORK CITY), EXCEPT AS NOTED

  • Letter from a Distant Land, 1957.
  • The Islanders, 1961.
  • Weathers and Edges, 1966.
  • Margins: A Sequence of New and Selected Poems, 1970.
  • Available Light, 1976.
  • Before Sleep: Poems, 1980.
  • Relations: Selected Poems, 1950-1985, 1986.
  • Selves: New Poems, 1990.
  • Pairs: New Poems, Penguin (New York City), 1994.
  • Lifelines: Selected Poems, 1950-1999, 1999.

EDITOR, SELECTOR, AND AUTHOR OF FOREWORD; PUBLISHED BY SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH, EXCEPT AS NOTED

  • Syracuse Poems, 1965, 1965.
  • Syracuse Poems, 1970, 1970.
  • Syracuse Poems, 1973, 1973.
  • Syracuse Poems and Stories, 1978, 1978.

CONTRIBUTOR

  • The New Poets of England and America, edited by Donald Hall and Robert Pack, New American Library, 1962.
  • The Distinctive Voice: Twentieth Century American Poetry, edited by William J. Martz, Scott, Foresman, 1966.
  • The Contemporary American Poets: American Poetry since 1945, edited by Mark Strand, New American Library, 1969.
  • The Voice that Is Great within Us, edited by Hayden Carruth, Bantam, 1970.
  • The New Yorker Book of Poems, Morrow, 1974.

Contributor of poetry, reviews, and essays to Poetry, Saturday Review, Atlantic, Harper's, Nation, New Republic, Missouri Review, Kayak, Paris Review, New York Times Book Review, American Poetry Review, Hudson Review, New Yorker, Christian Science Monitor, and other publications.

OTHER

  • (Author of note on the poem & the poet) Dilys Laing, Not One Atoll, Dartmouth College Library (Hanover, NH), 1946.
  • Philip Booth Reading His Poems with Comment at Cambridge, Mass, Apr. 13, 1958 (sound recording), first published/recorded, 1958, Library of Congress Magnetic Recording Laboratory (Washington, DC), 1973.
  • The Dark Island (twenty poems by Gabrielle Ladd), foreword by Philip Booth, Stinehour Press, 1960.
  • Philip E. Booth Reading His Poems with Comment in the Whittal Pavilion, Dec. 13, 1965 (sound recording), Archive of Recorded Poetry and Literature, Library of Congress (Washington, DC), 1965.
  • North by East (five poems with paintings by John Muench), Impressions Workshop (Boston), 1966.
  • Beyond Our Fears (five poems with paintings by Charles Shaw), Georgian Foundation, 1967.
  • (Author of poem) Richard Hundley, The Girls of Golden Summers (five folded leaves of music for high voice and piano), s.n. (New York City?), 1982(?)
  • Trying to Say It: Outlooks and Insights on How Poems Happen, University of Michigan Press (Ann Arbor), 1996.

Further Reading

PERIODICALS

  • America, October 2, 1976; December 15, 1990.
  • Beloit Poetry Journal, winter, 1999-2000.
  • Booklist, November 1, 1980; September 1, 1994; August, 1999.
  • Book Week, September 4, 1966.
  • Choice, July/August, 1976.
  • Christian Science Monitor, September 1, 1966; January 7, 1971, May 12, 1976.
  • Commonweal, September 10, 1976.
  • Georgia Review, summer, 2000.
  • Hudson Review, spring, 1976; winter, 2000.
  • Library Journal, June 1, 1986; January, 1987; January, 1990.
  • Maine Times, October 7, 1999.
  • Nation, November 9, 1970.
  • New Leader, November 30, 1970.
  • New York Times, November 14, 1970.
  • New York Times Book Review, April 30, 1967, March 22, 1981; December 14, 1986; May 21, 1989.
  • North American Review, fall, 1976.
  • Poetry, March, 1967; May, 1977; May, 1982; November, 1986; September, 1990; August, 1995.
  • Publishers Weekly, November 7, 1980; May 16, 1986; January 19, 1990; August 30, 1999.
  • Saturday Review, April 3, 1971.
  • Village Voice, March 29, 1976.
  • Virginia Quarterly Review, summer, 1971.
  • Washington Post Book World, March 1, 1981.

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Poet Categorization

POET’S REGION U.S., New England

LIFE SPAN 1925–2007

Philip Booth

Biography

With ten books of poetry published between 1957 and 1999, Philip Booth has established himself as a remarkable poet. Booth's poetry, written in spare language and dealing with New England settings, has garnered critical acclaim for its quiet power. "I can think of few poets," writes Dave Smith of the Washington Post Book World, "who give us more clarity, humility, and translucent dimension than [Philip] Booth."

The New England . . .

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Originally appeared in Poetry magazine.

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