Reed Whittemore

1919–2012
Apart from his work as a poet, Whittemore was influential as an editor of literary magazines and as a proponent of poetry through his teaching, his association with the Library of Congress, and as the poet laureate of Maryland, among many other positions. Whittemore grew up in New England and though his family's fortune disappeared in the depression, he attended prep school and Yale University. During World War II he served in the U.S. Air Force and rose to the rank of major. Upon his return to the United States, he enrolled at Princeton University but left shortly thereafter for a teaching position at Carleton College in Minnesota. There he revived the literary journal Furioso, which eventually became the Carleton Miscellany. The position led to his association with the editors of other notable literary journals and ultimately to the formation of the Association of Literary Magazines of America, with which he was involved for many years. This path led to Washington, D.C., where he served a year-long term as the poetry consultant for the Library of Congress, a position in which he attempted to meld politics to an awareness of poetry. He then went back to teaching at Carleton for three years before obtaining a position as the New Republic's literary editor. After four years with the New Republic, Whittemore became a professor at the University of Maryland. He retired in 1985 but went on to serve a second term at the Library of Congress. Apart from his poetry publications, Whittemore's most well-known work is his biography Six Literary Lives: The Shared Impiety of Adams, London, Sinclair, Williams, Dos Passos, and Tate.

A poetry reviewer in Choice reviewer suggested that Whittemore's poetry was popular for two reasons: a free-flowing style and a sense of humor. Whittemore's poetry is marked by "end and internal rhyme . . . with highly amusing and often subtle results," the critic wrote. "He skillfully organizes and structures his poems on the basis of line length, yet he avoids relying on visuality for understanding." The writer further compared his work to that of Denise Levertov, Edward Dorn, and Ted Hughes, noting that "his skill in truly humorous verse sets him apart." J. T. Demos similarly commented in Library Journal that "Whittemore has the saving face of humor. . . . Being middle-aged and academic, Whittemore fights both labels as best he can, and then succumbs. When he is at least experimental and most aware of himself he can be charming as so few middle-aged academic poets really are."

Saturday Review critic Lewis Turco stated that Reed Whittemore "has been one of the more influential poets of his generation. . . . Early in his career he began to prove . . . that the best qualities of prose may be a fit vehicle for a new poetry." Expressing his opinion of Whittemore's talents, James Dickey wrote in Poetry that, "as a poet with certain very obvious and amusing gifts, Reed Whittemore is almost everyone's favorite. Certainly he is one of mine. Yet there are dangerous favorites and inconsequential favorites and favorites like pleasant diseases. What of Whittemore? He is as wittily cultural as they come, he has read more than any . . . man anybody knows, has been all kinds of places, yet shuffles along in an old pair of tennis shoes and khaki pants, with his hands in his pockets." 

Whittemore expressed his own feelings on poetry in his essay in Poets on Poetry. As he once commented, "I think of poetry as a thing of the mind and tend to judge it, at least in part, by the qualities of mind it displays. . . . The properties of mind I most admire are the daytime properties—those that get us to the store or shop and back, and put us on the radio discussing poetry or arguing about communism and democracy. Most of my poems, therefore, tend to deal primarily with the daytime part of the mind, that is, the prosaic part; only occasionally do they deal directly with the nighttime self."

On the subject of the length of his poetry, Whittemore once stated: "I have been impressed by the insufficiencies of the short-poem art for about twenty-five years; yet I have gone on writing short poems, and I suspect that my reputation as a poet, if I have any, is almost entirely based on a few short poems. I find the genre a congenial one in which to deal with my own insufficiencies, among which is my own rational incapacity to work things out, order them logically, on a big scale."

Whittemore died in 2012 at the age of 92.

Career

Poet, literary critic, biographer, essayist, and short story writer. Furioso (literary quarterly), editor, 1939-53; Carleton College, Northfield, MN, professor of English, 1947-66, chair of department, 1962-64, editor, Carleton Miscellany (literary quarterly), 1960-64; University of Maryland, College Park, professor of English, 1967-84, professor emeritus, 1984—. New Republic, Washington, DC, literary editor, 1969-73; Delos (magazine), College Park, MD, editor, 1988-92. Library of Congress, consultant in poetry, 1964-65, honorary consultant in American letters, 1968-71, interim consultant, 1984-85; Bain-Swiggett lecturer, Princeton University, 1967. Former judge, National Book Awards. Program associate for National Institute of Public Affairs, 1966-68; member of National Academy of Arts and Sciences through 1991; director of Association of Literary Magazines of America.

Bibliography

POETRY
  • Heroes and Heroines, Reynal (New York, NY), 1946.
  • An American Takes a Walk, University of Minnesota Press (Minneapolis, MN), 1956.
  • The Self-made Man, and Other Poems, Macmillan (New York, NY), 1959.
  • The Boy from Iowa, Macmillan (New York, NY), 1962.
  • Return, Alpheus: A Poem for the Literary Elders of Phi Beta Kappa, King & Queen Press (Williamsburg, VA), 1965.
  • Poems, New and Selected, University of Minnesota Press (Minneapolis, MN), 1968.
  • Fifty Poems Fifty, University of Minnesota Press (Minneapolis, MN), 1970.
  • The Mother's Breast and the Father's House, Houghton (New York, NY), 1974.
  • The Feel of Rock: Poems of Three Decades, Dryad Press (Washington, DC), 1982.
  • The Past, the Future, the Present: Poems Selected and New, University of Arkansas Press (Fayetteville, AK), 1990.
OTHER
  • (Editor) Robert Browning, Dell (New York, NY), 1960.
  • The Fascination of the Abomination (poems, stories, and essays), Macmillan (New York, NY), 1963.
  • Little Magazines (pamphlet), University of Minnesota Press (Minneapolis, MN), 1963.
  • Ways of Misunderstanding Poetry (lecture), Library of Congress (Washington, DC), 1965.
  • From Zero to the Absolute (essays), Crown (New York, NY), 1968.
  • William Carlos Williams: Poet from New Jersey (biography), Houghton (New York, NY), 1975.
  • The Poet as Journalist: Life at the New Republic, New Republic Book (Washington, DC), 1976.
  • A Whittemore Miscellany(sound recording), Watershed Intermedia (Washington, DC), 1977.
  • Pure Lives: The Early Biographers, Johns Hopkins University Press (Baltimore, MD), 1988.
  • Whole Lives: Shapers of Modern Biography, Johns Hopkins University Press (Baltimore, MD), 1989.
  • Six Literary Lives: The Shared Impiety of Adams, London, Sinclair, Williams, Dos Passos, and Tate, University of Missouri Press (Columbia, MO), 1993.
Also contributor to periodicals, including the New Republic, the Nation, the New Yorker, Saturday Review, Kenyon Review, Esquire, and Yale Review.

Further Reading

BOOKS
  • Contemporary Literary Criticism,Volume 4, Gale (Detroit, MI), 1975.
  • Contemporary Poets,seventh edition, St. James Press (Detroit, MI), 2001.
  • Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 5: American Poets since World War II, First Series,Gale (Detroit, MI), 1980, pp. 372-378.
  • Modern American Literature,fifth edition, St. James Press (Detroit, MI), 1999.
  • Nemerov, Howard, editor, Poets on Poetry, Basic Books, 1966.
PERIODICALS
  • Choice,May, 1975.
  • Library Journal,June 1, 1970.
  • New Leader,December 4, 1967.
  • New York Times Book Review,June 2, 1963.
  • Poetry,November, 1956.
  • Saturday Review,June 8, 1963; October 14, 1967.
  • Sewanee Review,Volume 71, 1963, Roger Hecht, "A Note on Reed Whittemore."
  • Yale Review, winter, 1968.

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Poet Categorization

POET’S REGION U.S., Mid-Atlantic

LIFE SPAN 1919–2012

Biography

Apart from his work as a poet, Whittemore was influential as an editor of literary magazines and as a proponent of poetry through his teaching, his association with the Library of Congress, and as the poet laureate of Maryland, among many other positions. Whittemore grew up in New England and though his family's fortune disappeared in the depression, he attended prep school and Yale University. During World War II he served in . . .

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Originally appeared in Poetry magazine.

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