The Windy City [sections 1 and 6]

By Carl Sandburg 1878–1967 Carl Sandburg
1

The lean hands of wagon men
put out pointing fingers here,
picked this crossway, put it on a map,   
set up their sawbucks, fixed their shotguns,
found a hitching place for the pony express,
made a hitching place for the iron horse,
the one-eyed horse with the fire-spit head,
found a homelike spot and said, “Make a home,”   
saw this corner with a mesh of rails, shuttling
       people, shunting cars, shaping the junk of
       the earth to a new city.

The hands of men took hold and tugged
And the breaths of men went into the junk
And the junk stood up into skyscrapers and asked:
Who am I? Am I a city? And if I am what is my name?
And once while the time whistles blew and blew again
The men answered: Long ago we gave you a name,
Long ago we laughed and said: You? Your name is Chicago.

Early the red men gave a name to the river,   
       the place of the skunk,   
       the river of the wild onion smell,   
       Shee-caw-go.   

Out of the payday songs of steam shovels,   
Out of the wages of structural iron rivets,   
The living lighted skyscrapers tell it now as a name,   
Tell it across miles of sea blue water, gray blue land:
I am Chicago, I am a name given out by the breaths of working men,   
       laughing men, a child, a belonging.   

So between the Great Lakes,   
The Grand De Tour, and the Grand Prairie,   
The living lighted skyscrapers stand,
Spotting the blue dusk with checkers of yellow,
       streamers of smoke and silver,   
       parallelograms of night-gray watchmen,   
Singing a soft moaning song: I am a child, a belonging.   


6

The wheelbarrows grin, the shovels and the mortar
       hoist an exploit.   
The stone shanks of the Monadnock, the Transportation,   
       the People’s Gas Building, stand up and scrape
       at the sky.   
The wheelbarrows sing, the bevels and the blueprints
       whisper.   
The library building named after Crerar, naked
       as a stock farm silo, light as a single eagle
       feather, stripped like an airplane propeller,
       takes a path up.   
Two cool new rivets says, “Maybe it is morning.”
       “God knows.”

Put the city up; tear the city down;
       put it up again; let us find a city.
Let us remember the little violet-eyed
       man who gave all, praying, “Dig and
       dream, dream and hammer, till your
       city comes.”

Every day the people sleep and the city dies;
       every day the people shake loose, awake and
       build the city again.

The city is a tool chest opened every day,
       a time clock punched every morning,
       a shop door, bunkers and overalls
       counting every day.

The city is a balloon and a bubble plaything
       shot to the sky every evening, whistled in
       a ragtime jig down the sunset.

The city is made, forgotten, and made again,
       trucks hauling it away haul it back
       steered by drivers whistling ragtime
       against the sunsets.

Every day the people get up and carry the city,
       carry the bunkers and balloons of the city,
       lift it and put it down.

               “I will die as many times
               as you make me over again,
               says the city to the people,
I am the woman, the home, the family,
I get breakfast and pay the rent;
I telephone the doctor, the milkman, the undertaker;
       I fix the streets
       for your first and your last ride—
Come clean with me, come clean or dirty,
I am stone and steel of your sleeping numbers;
       I remember all you forget.
       I will die as many times
       as you make me over again.”

Under the foundations,   
Over the roofs,   
The bevels and the blueprints talk it over.   
The wind of the lake shore waits and wanders.   
The heave of the shore wind hunches the sand piles.
The winkers of the morning stars count out cities
And forget the numbers.   

Source: The Complete Poems of Carl Sandburg (Harcourt Inc., 2003)

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Poet Carl Sandburg 1878–1967

POET’S REGION U.S., Midwestern

SCHOOL / PERIOD Modern

Subjects Cities & Urban Life, Social Commentaries

 Carl  Sandburg

Biography

"Trying to write briefly about Carl Sandburg," said a friend of the poet, "is like trying to picture the Grand Canyon in one black and white snapshot." His range of interests was enumerated by his close friend, Harry Golden, who, in his study of the poet, called Sandburg "the one American writer who distinguished himself in five fields—poetry, history, biography, fiction, and music."

Sandburg composed his poetry primarily in . . .

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Poem Categorization

SUBJECT Cities & Urban Life, Social Commentaries

POET’S REGION U.S., Midwestern

SCHOOL / PERIOD Modern

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Originally appeared in Poetry magazine.

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