John Haines

1924–2011
John Haines

Poet and essayist John Haines was born in 1924 and studied art and painting at the National Art School, the American University, and the Hans Hoffmann School of Fine Art. In 1947, Haines bought a 160-acre homestead claim 80 miles outside of Fairbanks, Alaska, intending to pursue painting. According to Haines, when his paints froze, he turned to writing. His collections of poetry include Winter News (1966); The Stone Harp (1971); Cicada (1977); News from the Glacier: Selected Poems 1960-1980 (1982); New Poems 1980-1988 (1990), which received the Lenore Marshall Poetry Award and the Western States Book Award; The Owl in the Mask of the Dreamer: Collected Poems (1993); and For the Century’s End: Poems 1990-1999 (2001), among others. His poems are noted for their stark, spare imagery, and evocative rendering of the brutal beauty of his adopted home. PoetLawrence Raab noted the elemental character underlying Haines’s verse: “One feels that the poet,” Raab commented, “through the act of the poem, is reaching toward something as basic and as necessary as food or shelter.”
 
Haines’s experiences trapping, hunting, and surviving as a homesteader in Alaska inform his work as a both a poet and essayist. According to Dana Gioia,While one might read his early poetry as a subjective record of the time, the most accessible account comes from his two books of essays, Living Off the Country (1981) and The Stars, the Snow, the Fire (1989). These superbly-written collections of mostly autobiographical prose reveal the importance of the dream-like solitude the empty Northern wilderness provided the author.” Gioia went on to note that, “by stepping out of the man-made rhythms of the city into the slower cycles of nature, Haines entered—perhaps unknowingly at first—a world of meditation. There are few overtly religious themes in Haines' writing, but both his poetry and prose are suffused with a sense of the sacred.” Other collections of Haines’s essays and autobiographical writing include Fables and Distances: New and Selected Essays (1996) and Descent (2010). Haines moved to San Diego in 1969, and lived in the lower 48 states for several years before returning to Alaska. He taught at numerous institutions including Ohio University, the University of Cincinnati, and George Washington University. Named a Fellow by the Academy of American Poets, his other honors and awards included two Guggenheim Fellowships, a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship, an Amy Lowell Traveling Fellowship, the Alaska Governor’s Award for Excellence in the Arts, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Library of Congress.
 
Harper’s critic Hayden Carruth once described John Haines as “one of our best nature poets, or for that matter one of the best nature writers of any kind.” Though Haines is sometimes categorized as a regional writer, or an autobiographical poet, Gioia noted that his work eludes simple categorization: “He is an obstinately visionary poet,” Gioia wrote of Haines, “who characteristically transforms individual experience into universal human terms. One would be tempted to call him a philosophic poet if his imagination were not so frequently mythic. He deals in serious ideas, but the concepts are not presented abstractly. They are revealed in bare narrative terms like ancient legends, half obscured by time.” John Haines died in Fairbanks, Alaska, in 2011.

Career

Poet; freelance lecturer and writer, 1969—. Has worked as a housepainter and carpenter; employed briefly as a clerk in the U.S. Department of the Navy, Washington, DC; since 1946, has worked as hunter, gardener, fisherman, trapper, and writer; homesteader in Alaska, 1954-69. University of Alaska, poet-in-residence, 1972-73; writer-in-residence, Sheldon Jackson College, 1982-83, Ucross Foundation, 1987, Montalvo Center for the Arts, 1988, and Djerassi Foundation, 1988. Midnight Sun Conference, University of Alaska, guest writer, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, and 1986-87; panelist and guest writer, Moorhead College, University of New Mexico, University of Texas, and Center for Northern Studies, all 1980, Anchorage Community College, 1981, and Juneau Museum of Art, 1981; Sitka Writers Symposium, member of staff, 1986; Loft Mentor Series, visiting writer, 1987. University of Washington, visiting professor of English, 1974; University of Montana, visiting lecturer in English, beginning 1974; visiting lecturer or professor at numerous institutions, including University of Michigan, Guggenheim Museum, Oberlin College, Idaho State University, Alaska Pacific University, Ohio University, and New York City Public High Schools. Member of Pacific Grove Library Board, 1972; Alaska Humanities Forum program director, 1972-73.

Bibliography

POETRY

  • Winter News, Wesleyan University Press, 1966, revised edition, 1983.
  • Suite for the Pied Piper, Ox Head Press, 1968.
  • The Legend of Paper Plates, Unicorn Press, 1970.
  • The Mirror, Unicorn Press, 1970.
  • The Stone Harp, Wesleyan University Press, 1971.
  • Twenty Poems, Unicorn Press, 1971, 3rd edition, 1982.
  • Leaves and Ashes, Kayak Press, 1975.
  • In Five Years Time, Smokeroot Press, 1976.
  • Cicada, Wesleyan University Press, 1977.
  • In a Dusty Light, Graywolf Press, 1977.
  • The Sun on Your Shoulder, Graywolf Press, 1977.
  • News from the Glacier: Selected Poems, 1960-1980, Wesleyan University Press, 1982.
  • New Poems, Story Line Press, 1990.
  • The Owl in the Mask of the Dreamer: Collected Poems, Graywolf Press, 1993.
  • At the End of This Summer: Poems, 1948-1954, Copper Canyon Press, 1997.
  • For the Century’s End: Poems 1990-1999, University of Washington Press, 2001.

ESSAYS & MEMOIR

  • (With others) Minus Thirty-One and the Wind Blowing: Nine Reflections about Living on Land, Alaska Pacific, 1980.
  • Living off the Country: Essays on Poetry and Place, University of Michigan Press, 1981.
  • Other Days (prose memoir), Graywolf Press, 1982.
  • Of Traps and Snares, Dragon Press, 1982.
  • Stories We Listened To, Bench Press, 1986.
  • You and I and the World, University of Michigan Press, 1988.
  • The Stars, the Snow, the Fire: Twenty-Five Years in the Northern Wilderness, Graywolf Press, 1989.
  • Rain Country, Mad River Press, 1990.
  • Fables and Distances: New and Selected Essays, Graywolf Press, 1996.
  • Descent, Cavankerry (Fort Lee, New Jersey), 2010.

OTHER

  •  (Translator) Miguel Hernandez, El Amor Ascentia, Ox Head Press, 1967.
  • The River Is Wider Than It Seems (script for documentary film), Montana Committee for the Humanities, 1980.
  •  (Author of foreword) John Muir, Travels to Alaska, Sierra Books, 1987.
  • (Author of preface) Edwin Muir, The Story and the Fable, Rowan Tree, 1987.

Also author with John Adams of a secular cantata, Forest without Leaves, performed and recorded in 1984. Fifteen poems from Winter News have been translated into native Alaskan languages. Contributor to numerous periodicals, including Ohio Review, Michigan Quarterly Review, Nation, Northwest Review, Harper’s, New England Review, and Hudson Review.



Further Reading

BOOKS

  • Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 5: American Poets since World War II, Gale, 1980.

PERIODICALS

  • American Scholar, summer, 1971.
  • Chicago Tribune Book World, April 24, 1983.
  • Harper's, August, 1966; June, 1978.
  • Nation, November 27, 1967.
  • New York Times Book Review, October 31, 1982; March 29, 1987; December 10, 1989.
  • Poetry, November, 1966; May, 1972.

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Poet Categorization

POET’S REGION U.S., Northwestern

LIFE SPAN 1924–2011

John Haines

Biography

Poet and essayist John Haines was born in 1924 and studied art and painting at the National Art School, the American University, and the Hans Hoffmann School of Fine Art. In 1947, Haines bought a 160-acre homestead claim 80 miles outside of Fairbanks, Alaska, intending to pursue painting. According to Haines, when his paints froze, he turned to writing. His collections of poetry include Winter News (1966); The Stone Harp (1971); . . .

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