In The Summer After “Issue Year” Winter (1873)
Timpsila is the Lakota word for wild turnip. Maka Sica is the Lakota word for the badlands in South Dakota. In the poem, I allude to several confrontations which were detailed in Baptiste’s Winter Count. He mentioned the Dog Soldiers who died fighting the cavalry at Ash Hollow and the death of High Back Bone who was one of the first to be shot with a bullet from a long distance. To kill an enemy from a distance was cowardly. This death showed the differences between the code of honor among Plains Indian warriors and the cavalry’s code of extermination.