Poet and writer Alice Fulton was born and raised in Troy, New York. She is the author of nine books, including Barely Composed (2015), her most recent poetry; The Nightingales of Troy (2008), a collection of linked stories; and Cascade Experiment: Selected Poems (2004). Fulton has received many honors and awards for her work. Her book Felt (2001) received the Bobbitt Prize for Poetry from the Library of Congress. She is the recipient of an American Academy of Arts and Letters Award in Literature and has also received fellowships from the MacArthur Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, Guggenheim Foundation, Ingram Merrill Foundation, Michigan Society of Fellows, and Fine Arts Work Center in Provincetown. Her other poetry books include Sensual Math (1995), Powers Of Congress (1990, 2001), Palladium (1986), and Dance Script With Electric Ballerina (1982). An essay collection, Feeling as a Foreign Language: The Good Strangeness of Poetry (1999), was published by Graywolf Press. Fulton's poetry and fiction have appeared in The Best of the Best American PoetryThe Best American Short Stories, and The Pushcart Prize Anthology. Fulton’s poems have also been set to music by contemporary composers such as Anthony Cornicello, William Bolcom, and Enid Sutherland; the pieces have premiered in spaces such as the Guggenheim Museum, Carnegie Hall, and the Walker Arts Center. 
Fulton’s poetry is known for its innovative approach to line and language, as well as the variety and depth of its content. Scholar Cristanne Miller has noted that while “strikingly flexible in their diction and manner, Fulton’s poems include an extraordinary range of topics, perspectives, and voices.” Miller went on to describe Fulton’s idiosyncratic style: “While the diction of Fulton’s poems often includes puns and slang, the topics are deeply serious. The poems are epistemological in their concerns: what is it possible to know? how does scientific knowledge affect the perceptions of common sense? how do the powers of language relate to media culture, scientific discovery, imperialism, gender, and the petty inhumanity or graciousness of everyday feelings and events? At the same time, the poems are generous, reminding us through the experimental complexity of their forms and language that we are not just ‘towers / of blood and ignorance.’” Fulton has written extensively on poetics, including in Feeling as a Foreign Language (1999), where she elaborates on her idea of “fractal poetics,” as well as her use of the “double equal sign,” a punctuation mark she began using in Sensual Math.
In an interview in Memorious, Fulton elaborated on both ideas: “A fractal poem might splice a complex, dense passage to a flat or transparent line,” she told Les Kay. “The friction between the two registers of diction can create an uncanny dissonance. In this way, didactic lines can be part of a larger oblique structure. The context, the surrounding dictions and tones, changes the transparent lines, which in turn affect the denser lines. … These transparent, potentially cheesy lines are embedded in a structure that includes other, more demanding sorts of language—lyrical, technical, satirical. A fractal poem sets plain language in a linguistic surround that skews—and charges—the plainness.” Of her use of the double equal sign, she said: “I also was interested in devising a punctuation mark that could have content without having a firm denotation or definition. And I thought the sign could signal syntactical deletion. That aspect was suggested by Dickinson. In one poem, I called the sign ‘dash to the max,’ ‘dash to the second power—because it’s a double equal.’ Then, too, I was influenced by A.R. Ammons’s use of the colon. Ammons didn’t devise a new punctuation mark, but his poems are riddled with colons that become more than punctuation marks. He forces you to interpret the colon.”
Fulton is the Ann S. Bowers Professor of English at Cornell University.





  • Anchors of Light, Swamp Press (Oneonta, NY), 1979.
  • Dance Script with Electric Ballerina, University of Pennsylvania Press (Philadelphia), 1983.
  • Palladium, University of Illinois Press (Urbana), 1986.
  • Powers of Congress, David Godine (Boston), 1990; reissued by Sarabande Books (Louisville, KY), 2001.
  • Sensual Math, Norton (New York), 1995.
  • Felt: Poems, Norton, 2001.
  • Cascade Experiment: Selected Poems, Norton, 2004.
  • Barely Composed, Norton, 2015.




  • The Nightingales of Troy: Stories of One Family’s Century, Norton, 2008.




  • Feeling as a Foreign Language: The Good Strangeness of Poetry, Graywolf Press (St. Paul, MN), 1999.

Contributor to magazines, including New Yorker, Poetry, and Georgia Review. Author of short stories, song lyrics, and critical essays.


Further Readings


  • Canfield Reisman, Rosemary M., editor, Critical Survey of Poetry: Feminist Poets Salem Press (Ipswich, Mass.), 2011.
  • Falconer, Blas, Beth Martinelli, and Helena Mesa, editors Mentor and Muse: Essays from Poets to Poets, Southern Illinois University (Carbondale), 2010.
  • Keller, Lynn, Thinking Poetry: Readings in Contemporary Women’s Exploratory Poetics, University of Iowa Press (Iowa City), 2009.
  • St. John, David, and Cole Swenson, editors, American Hybrid: A Norton Anthology of Contemporary Poetry, W.W. Norton (New York), 2009.
  • Frost, Elisabeth A. and Cynthia Hogue, eds., Innovative Women Poets: An Anthology of Contemporary Poetry and Interviews, University of Iowa Press (Iowa City), 2006.
  • Gray, Jeffrey, James McCorkle, and Mary McAleer Balkun, eds., The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Poets and Poetry, Greenwood Press (Westport, Conn.), 2005.
  • Gioia, Dana, David Mason, and Meg Schoerke, eds., Twentieth-Century American Poetics: Poets on the Art of Poetry, McGraw-Hill (New York), 2004.
  • Contemporary Women Poets, St. James Press (Detroit), 1998.
  • Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 139: American Poets since World War II, Sixth Series, Gale (Detroit), 1994.
  • Keller, Lynn, and Cristanne Miller, editors, Feminist Measures: Soundings in Poetry and Theory, University of Michigan Press (Ann Arbor), 1994.


  • The Los Angeles Review, volume 18, fall 2015, pp. 161-167.
  • The Hudson Review, volume 68, number 3, autumn 2015, pp. 481-491, 528.
  • Yale Review, volume 103, number 4, October 2015, pp. 161-176.
  • Poetry Review (UK), volume 105, number 2, 2015, pp. 105-114.
  • Numero Cinq, May 3, 2015.
  • On The Seawall, March 22, 2015.
  • Colorado Review, March 19, 2015.
  • Los Angeles Review of Books, March 11, 2015.
  • Against Interpretation, March 5, 2015.
  • The Washington Post, February 17, 2015.
  • Contemporary Women's Writing, volume 7, number 2, July 2013, pp. 1-19.
  • Verse, volume 23, 2007, pp. 1-3.
  • Agni Review, 55, 2002, pp. 252-256.
  • Harvard Review, volume 22, spring 2002, pp. 190-192.
  • The Los Angeles Times Book Review, September 30, 2001, p. 10.
  • Chicago Tribune, July 4, 1999, sec. 14, pp. 1-2.
  • Contemporary Literature, winter 1997.
  • Epoch, volume 36, no. 3, 1986-87.
  • Library Journal, December 15, 1983, p. 233-4; September 1, 1986, p. 204; February 1, 1991, p. 80; April 1, 1995, p. 98; March 15, 1999, p. 78.
  • New York Times Book Review, December 10, 1995, p. 37; September 5, 1999, p. 17; April 15, 2001, p. 22.
  • Poetry, November, 1984, p. 102; October, 1986, p. 43; June, 1991, p. 172; August, 1996, p. 281.
  • Poetry Society of America Newsletter, fall 1988, pp. 4-11.
  • Publishers Weekly, October 21, 1983, p. 55; July 4, 1986, p. 65; October 5, 1990, p. 94; February 27, 1995, p. 97; February 22, 1999, p. 90.
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  • Tri-Quarterly 98, winter 1996-97.
  • Writer's Chronicle, May 1998.
  • Writer's Digest, September 1991, p. 36.
  • Yale Review, autumn 1987, p. 133.