Mary Jo Bang

Mary Jo Bang was born in 1946 in Missouri and grew up in Cool Valley, outside of St. Louis. She originally studied sociology, earning both her BA and MA in the subject from Northwestern University. She earned a BA in photography from the Polytechnic of Central London, and an MFA in creative writing from Columbia University. She is the author of numerous collections of poetry, including Apology for Want (1997), which received the Katherine Bakeless Nason Prize; Louise in Love (2001); The Downstream Extremity of the Isle of Swans (2001); Elegy (2007), which won both the National Book Critics Circle Award and the Alice Fay di Castagnola Award; and The Bride of E (2009). She is currently at work on a translation of Dante’s Inferno.

Bang’s poetry has been praised for its linguistic energy, subtle imagery, and innovative technique. Mixing philosophical or “post-modern” concerns with chiseled, formal control, Bang’s work has been frequently cast as a pioneering example of “hybrid” poetry. As poet and critic Karla Kelsey has noted: “Reviewers like categories, and Bang is bad at staying in them.” Bang’s early collections use poetry to address art, in books such as The Downstream Extremity of the Isle of Swans, or make popular culture a central concern, as in Louise in Love, which revolves around the silent movie actress Louise Brooks. “Her poems are a route to a new way of looking at what we’ve grown into,” argued Frank Allen in the American Book Review, “‘the longing’ that restores us to what we once ‘hoped’ to be.” Bang’s fifth collection, Elegy, won high praise for its profound, meditative lyrics on loss. Written in the wake of her adult son’s death, the book was described by David Orr in the New York Times as, “a tightly focused, completely forthright collection written almost entirely in the bleakest key imaginable.” He continued: “Collectively they [the poems] are overwhelming—which is both a compliment to Bang’s talent and to the toughness of mind that allowed her to attempt this difficult project in the first place.” Bang’s follow-up to Elegy is an abecedarian, taking its organizing principles from the alphabet. The Bride of E was praised by Kelsey for its self-aware positioning, even its reversal of the single-subject laments of Elegy. Kelsey noted that the book “of course reflects [Bang’s] image reservoirs and gestures, but it does not have the autobiographical focus that Elegy (and elegies in general) demand. The book is much more about the way we still can make use of worn-out images and phrases to ask existential questions of the post-postmodern world.”

Bang discussed her circuitous route to professional poet—including years of working as a professional photographer and physician’s assistant—with the journal 99 Percent: “I could see myself getting closer and closer,” she said of her years learning photography. “Over time, what was on the film and the photographic paper more and more resembled what I’d imagined when I looked into the viewfinder. And I saw how, if you steadily worked at something, what you don’t know gradually erodes and what you do know slowly grows and at some point you’ve gained a degree of mastery. What you know becomes what you are. You know photography and you are a photographer. You know writing and you are a writer.”

Bang has received numerous honors and awards for her work, including fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the Bellagio Foundation, and a Hodder Fellowship from Princeton University. She has received a “Discovery”/The Nation award, a Pushcart Prize, and her poems have been included in multiple editions of The Best American Poetry. The editor of the Boston Review from 1995-2005, she is currently a professor at Washington University in St. Louis.

In April 2013, Bang was a featured writer for Harriet.




  • Apology for Want, University Press of New England (Hanover, NH), 1997.
  • Louise in Love, Grove (New York, NY), 2001.
  • The Downstream Extremity of the Isle of Swans, University of Georgia Press (Athens, GA), 2001.
  • Elegy, Graywolf Press (St. Paul, MN), 2007.
  • The Bride of E, Graywolf Press, 2009.

Contributor of poetry to periodicals, including New Republic, Yale Review, Kenyon Review, Volt, Paris Review, New Yorker, and New American Writing. Bang’s poetry has also been represented in several anthologies, including Best American Poetry, 2001.


Further Readings


  • American Book Review, January, 1999, Frank Allen, review of Apology for Want, p. 28.
  • Library Journal, August, 1997, Ellen Kaufman, review of Apology for Want, p. 92.
  • Ploughshares, winter, 1997, Susan Conley, review of Apology for Want, p. 214.
  • Publishers Weekly, July 28, 1997, review of Apology for Want, p. 71.