Michael Palmer was born in New York City and educated at Harvard in the early 1960s, where he encountered Confessional poetry. His opposition to Confessionalism found root in a developing poetics when he attended the landmark 1963 Vancouver Poetry Conference, a three-week gathering where he met Robert Duncan, Robert Creeley, and Clark Coolidge. Correspondence with those three poets greatly influenced Palmer’s early development as a poet. Often associated with Language poetry, Palmer’s exploratory work confronts notions of representation and habits of language, and also seeks to examine the space through which poetry acts. Though critics have noted the influence of Louis Zukofsky, Paul Celan, Samuel Beckett, Surrealism, and philosophical and linguistic theory in his poetry, Palmer’s work continues to evade categorization. For example, on awarding the 2006 Wallace Stevens Award to Palmer, panel judge Robert Hass wrote, “Michael Palmer is the foremost experimental poet of his generation and perhaps of the last several generations…His poetry is at once a dark and comic interrogation of the possibilities of representation in language, but its continuing surprise is its resourcefulness and its sheer beauty.”

Palmer has written more than half a dozen books of poetry, beginning with Blake’s Newton (1974). Critic Brighde Mullins notes, “His poetic is situated yet active, and it affords a range of pleasure due to his wonderful ear, his intellection, his breadth. In this century of the Eye over the Ear, Palmer’s insistence on Sound evokes a subtextual joy.” The Company of Moths (2005) aligned the poet figure with its eponymous moths, but in such a way to suggest, according to Geoffrey O’Brien in the Boston Review that “the figure’s borders are open; the moth is a stage in a transformation, two pages in the book of a species, temporary, migrant, recursive.”

In a 2006 interview, Palmer described the trajectory of his poetry as “moving a little bit away from radical syntax into the mysteries of ordinary language, in the philosophical if not every day sense. It probably looks less unusual on the page. And I’ve been interested in the infinite, ingathering potential of the lyrical phrase—not confession, but the voicing of selves that make up the poetic self, from Greek lyrics to the Italians, to modern poets like Mandelstam.”

Rather than pursuing teaching as a primary career, Palmer has translated work from French, Portuguese, and Russian, and edited Nothing the Sun Could Not Explain: Twenty Contemporary Brazilian Poets (1997). He has also collaborated extensively with the Margaret Jenkins Dance Company and with visual artists and composers.

Palmer’s awards include two grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Wallace Stevens Award from the Academy of American Poets, a Lila Wallace-Reader’s Digest Writer’s Award, a Guggenheim Foundation fellowship, and the Shelley Memorial Prize from the Poetry Society of America. From 1999 to 2004, he served as a Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets. He lives in San Francisco.


  • Plan of the City of O, Barn Dreams Press (Boston, MA), 1971.
  • Blake's Newton, Black Sparrow Press (Santa Barbara, CA), 1972.
  • C's Songs, Sand Dollar Books (Berkeley, CA), 1973.
  • Six Poems, Black Sparrow Press (Santa Barbara, CA), 1973.
  • The Circular Gates, Black Sparrow Press (Santa Barbara, CA), 1974.
  • (Translator, with Geoffrey Young) Vicente Huidobro, Relativity of Spring: 13 Poems, Sand Dollar Books (Berkeley, CA), 1976.
  • Without Music, Black Sparrow Press (Santa Barbara, CA), 1977.
  • Alogon, Tuumba Press (Berkeley, CA), 1980.
  • Notes for Echo Lake, North Point Press (Berkeley, CA), 1981.
  • (Translator) Alain Tanner and John Berger, Jonah Who Will Be 25 in the Year 2000, North Atlantic Books (Berkeley, CA), 1983.
  • First Figure, North Point Press (Berkeley, CA), 1984.
  • Sun, North Point Press (Berkeley, CA), 1988.
  • At Passages, New Directions (New York, NY), 1995.
  • The Lion Bridge: Selected Poems, 1972-1995, New Directions (New York, NY), 1998.
  • The Promises of Glass, New Directions (New York, NY), 2000.
  • Codes Appearing: Poems, 1979-1988, New Directions (New York, NY), 2001.
  • (With Régis Bonvicino) Cadenciando-um-ning, um samba, para o outro: poemas, traduções, diálogos, Atelieì Editorial (Cotia, Spain), 2001.
  • Company of Moths, New Directions (New York, NY), 2005.
  • Aygi Cycle (chapbook), Druksel (Ghent, Belgium), 2009.
  • Idem 1-4 (radio plays), 1979.
  • (Editor) Code of Signals: Recent Writings in Poetics, North Atlantic Books (Berkeley, CA), 1983.
Contributor to literary magazines, including Boundary 2, Berkeley Poetry Review, Sulfur, Conjunctions, Chicago Review, Fulcrum, New American Writing, and O-blek. Author of numerous dance scenarios with Margaret Jenkins Dance Company, including Interferences, 1975; Equal Time, 1976; No One but Whitington, 1978; Red, Yellow, Blue; Straight Words, 1980; Versions by Turns, 1980; Cortland Set, 1982; and First Figure, 1984. Author's works have been translated into over twenty-five languages.

Further Readings


  • Library Journal, April 15, 2005, Fred Muratori, review of Company of Moths, p. 93.
  • Nation, December 23, 1996, David Levi Strauss, review of At Passages, p. 26.


  • Mary Literary Journal, http:// www.stmarys-ca.edu/ (December 1, 2005), Kalicia Pivirotto, interview with Michael Palmer.
  • Modern American Poetry, http:// www.english.uiuc.edu/ (December 1, 2005), Brighde Mullins, "About Michael Palmer."
  • Rain Taxi, http:// www.raintaxi.com/ (December 1, 2005), Eric Lorberer, review of The Lion Bridge: Selected Poems, 1972-1995.
  • Valparaiso Poetry Review, http:// www.valpo.edu/ (December 1, 2005), Lauri Ramey, review of The Lion Bridge.*